Sustainable Ewe favourites:
|Optimum Soil Temperature|
|Days to Germination|
|Days to Harvest|
|Direct Sow or Transplant|
|Native to India – dating back well before 600BC
Astringent – used to tighten pores, soothe itches and sunburn.
Botanically they are a fruit
Like good soil with a relatively high pH. Lots of warmth and water.
Do best in temperatures over 21 degrees C
Seeds need warmth to germinate
Start inside in individual pots or use bottle cloches
Plant out once two or three true leaves appear
Water – like a good soaking
Pick regularly and vine will produce over a long time
Gerkin, Apple cucumber
Cucumbers must have heat and sun
Hate wet and boggy soils
Popular in glass houses
Need support and frotection from winds
Raise in pots and transplant
Free draining soil and ventalation
Fungus – remove affected plants
Cut cucumbers when they are ready. THe move you harvest the more you’ll get
|Storing harvested cucumber:
|Botrytis, grey mould – flowers and fruit rot. Usually strikes in humid conditions
Downy mildew – leaves become blotched and yellow, sometimes mould will appear on undersides. Can be worse in cool, moist conditions.
Wilting of leaves – large leaves loose moisture in warm weather. Mulch and water frequently.
Excessive leaf growth – excess Nitrogen
Fruit yellow and bitter – over-maturity
Leaf spot – water soaked spots on leaves, leaves crack. Immature fruit may fall. Crop rotation. Destroy diseased leaves and parts of plant.
Anthracnose – Brow-black spots on leaves. Crop rotation (four years)
Shortage of fruit – Poor pollination. Lack of bees or weather too cold. Hand pollination may be possible
Predominance of male flowers. – stress conditions, poor nutrition, low light, low temperature, low water. Ensure plants have food and water.
Damaged skin with pale discoloured patches – Fruit exposed to wet, damp soil. Place a tile or hay under the fruit.
Lack of flavour – not ripe enough.
|Whitefly – undersides of leaves covered with white insects that fly when disturbed. Control may be difficult once a population has build up so best dealt with early on.
Mites – leaves yellow (stippled or mottled), dehydration, fine webbing on underside of leaves. More severe in warm weather.
|Basil, Beans, Bush Beans, Borage, Cabbages, Carrots, Corn, Dill, Lettuce, Marjoram, Nasturtiums, Radish, Sunflower, Tansy
NEVER Potatoes, Sage