1st Principle of Permaculture
The First Principle of Permaculture is to PRODUCE NO WASTE.
In the bush example referred to earlier, plants shed leaves, die and decay which organisms turn into food for themselves and eventually into nutrients for plants. This is natures composting and is a good example of the principle of producing no waste. In our modern systems which are lineal rather than cyclical, this waste becomes pollution. composting, wormfarming, Bokashi, Biodigesters, and greywater recycling are all examples of using what would conventionally be seen as waste, so that it becomes a resource instead.